We invite you to contact our office for additional information regarding employment and/or labor law issues. For those wishing to conduct additional research on these issues prior to speaking with counsel, we offer the following links:
Child Labor Protections
The child labor provisions include restrictions on hours of work and occupations for youths under age 16. These provisions also identify hazardous occupations that the Secretary of Labor has declared too dangerous for those under age 18 to perform.
ELaws – US Department of Labor
The elaws Advisors are interactive e-tools that provide easy-to-understand information about a number of federal employment laws.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA)
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) sets minimum standards for most voluntarily established pension and health plans in private industry to provide protection for individuals in these plans.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. It is also illegal to discriminate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit.
Colorado Civil Rights Division (CCRD)
The Colorado Civil Rights Division enforces Colorado laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, sexual orientation, age, or disability. It also prohibits retaliation because an applicant or employee has opposed discriminatory practices or filed a charge of discrimination.
Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)
The FLSA establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and youth employment standards affecting employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments. Covered nonexempt workers are entitled to a minimum wage. Overtime pay at a rate not less than one and one-half times the regular rate of pay is required after 40 hours of work in a workweek.
Family and Medical Leave Act
Covered employers must grant an eligible employee up to a total of 12 workweeks of unpaid leave during any 12-month period for reasons such as the birth and care of the newborn child of the employee; placement with the employee of a son or daughter for adoption or foster care; the care for an immediate family member (spouse, child, or parent) with a serious health condition; or to take medical leave when the employee is unable to work because of a serious health condition.
Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959
The Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959 (LMRDA) provides standards for the reporting and disclosure of certain financial transactions and administrative practices of labor organizations and employers; the protection of union funds and assets; the administration of trusteeships by labor organizations; and the election of officers of labor organizations. The Act also guarantees certain rights to all union members.
Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA)
The Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA) is administered by the Wage and Hour Division (WHD) of the Department of Labor. The Act safeguards most migrant and seasonal agricultural workers in their interactions with farm labor contractors, agricultural employers, agricultural associations, and providers of migrant housing. However, some farm labor contractors, agricultural employers, agricultural associations, and providers of migrant housing are exempt from the MSPA under limited circumstances.
Unemployment Compensation Law – Overview
Colorado provides workers, whose jobs have been terminated through no fault of their own, monetary payments for a given period of time or until they find a new job. Unemployment compensation is designed to provide an unemployed worker time to find a new job equivalent to the one lost without financial distress.
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994
The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 is intended to ensure that persons who serve or have served in the Armed Forces, Reserves, National Guard or other “uniformed services:” (1) are not disadvantaged in their civilian careers because of their service; (2) are promptly reemployed in their civilian jobs upon their return from duty; and (3) are not discriminated against in employment based on past, present, or future military service.
US Department of Labor
The Department of Labor is a federal agency established to promote the welfare of the job seekers, wage earners, and retirees of the United States by improving working conditions, advancing opportunities for employment, protecting retirement and health care benefits, helping employers find workers, strengthening free collective bargaining, and tracking changes in employment, prices, and other national economic measurements.
US Department of Labor – Civil Rights Center
The Civil Rights Center (CRC) administers and enforces various Federal statutes, regulations, and Executive Orders that relate to nondiscrimination and equal opportunity. Specifically, Federal law: (1) forbids discrimination on various bases in programs and activities that receive Federal financial assistance, either from DOL itself or, under Title I of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), from another Federal department; (2) forbid discrimination on the basis of disability by specified types of public entities (such as State and local governments), in programs and activities conducted by DOL, and within the DOL itself.
US Department of Labor – Wage and Hour Division (WHD)
The DOL Wage and Hour Division (WHD) is responsible for enforcing some of our nation’s most comprehensive federal labor laws on topics, including the minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, youth employment and special employment, family and medical leave, migrant workers, lie detector tests, worker protections in certain temporary worker programs, and the prevailing wages for government service and construction contracts.
Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act
WARN helps ensure advance notice in cases of qualified plant closings and mass layoffs. The U.S. Department of Labor has issued compliance assistance materials to help workers and employers understand their rights and responsibilities under the provisions of WARN.
Colorado Department of Labor and Employment
The Colorado Department of Labor and Employment assists workers who have been injured on the job or lost a job through no fault of their own; ensures fair labor and wage practices; and regulates workplaces to promote safe work practices.